Treatment Obesity that remains untreated has the tendency to worsen. The most effective method of treating obesity is to consume fewer calories than what is burned and to exercise more to burn more calories. Losing even modest amounts of weight can be very beneficial to the body in terms of decreasing the risks of related diseases and complications.
Diets can only be useful when it involves permanent changes in eating habits. There are several reputable programs that teach people how to make safe, sensible and gradual changes in eating habits towards a healthy diet. Regular moderate exercise is especially helpful with weight loss. An exercise regimen of at least 30 minutes, 5 to 7 days a week is a good start. Exercise should complement control of caloric intake as one cannot be a substitute to the other.
Prescription weight loss drugs are for people with a BM of 30 or higher or those with a BMI of 27 or greater who have health problems that would likely improve with weight loss. The combination of Fenfluramine and Phentermine (fen-phen) was the most effective until it was discontinued due to the evidence that most patients who took the drug experienced heart valve problems. At present, there are several drugs available that either limits the breakdown and absorption of fats in the intestine or reduces appetite by affecting chemical messengers in the part of the brain that controls appetite. Surgery is the treatment of choice for severe obesity.

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